Featured

  • No Scientific Evidence to Support claim ‘Too Much Sex’ Causes Blindness

    Claim: Viral news reports claim a Ghanaian counselor had said women can go “blind” if they have too much sex with their partner. 

    There is no scientific evidence to prove that ‘too much sex’ can lead to blindness. An Optometrist from the Permeff Eye Care, Dr. Emefa Titiati, and scientific studies, however, indicate an excessive use of drugs like viagra during sex can lead to blindness. 

    Full Text

    A viral news report has claimed that too much sex can make women go blind.

    The report with the headline “A woman can go “blind” if she has too much sex” published by Pulse Ghana cited one Counselor D.Y Donkor to have made that statement on an Accra-based radio station Angel FM.

    Several news portals including adomonline.com, ghbase.com, and ghspalsh.com have published the article with the same headline. 

    On the Facebook page of Pulse Ghana, it has generated over 1,000 likes and over 500 comments at the time this report was filed. 

    However, the headline did not sit well with the public and this has generated a lot of public debate, leaving people in confusion about the truth or otherwise of the statement. 

    “Scientific explanation needed na I can’t think far…Ryde this be where we catch…Ah well, let me start frequenting the eye clinic,” a Facebook user Comfort Zhang Ya Yelipoie said.

    Another user Nharhar Effirim also said, “Counselors are now taking the position of doctors; you will never hear such nonsense in the Western countries.” 

    Source: Facebook

    Verification

    The news reports cited Angel FM as their source of the claim. Dubawa searched and found the video of the counselor making the statement on YouTube

    “When sex takes the center stage of dating and courtship, it blinds the ladies and doesn’t help them to study the men to know whether they are good for them,” he said in the interview on Angel FM (8 minutes 25 seconds to 8 minutes 50 seconds of the video). “…for women, the more the sex, the more the go blind.”

    After assessing the video it appears the word “blind” was used metaphorically in the context to help explain dating and courtship. 

    Dubawa has reached out to the counsellor and will update this report with his comments.

    Can frequent sex lead to blindness? 

    According to an Optometrist from the Permeff Eye Care, Dr. Emefa Titiati, there is no scientific evidence to prove that having sex constantly can lead to loss of sight. Excessive use of drugs like viagra during sex can however lead to blindness.

    According to Doctor Emefa Titiati, the use of Viagra during sex can lead to a condition called nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy which leads to blindness. 

    “With having sex and getting blind, there is no scientific justification to it. So, there is a condition called nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. It is a condition that causes blindness. One of the effects of using viagra is that it can cause that condition and that condition can cause blindness. So, it is not direct sex that leads to the blindness but it is when the person uses viagra that put one at the risk of getting blind,” Dr. Titiati told Dubawa. 

    An academic medical centre of Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, attributes non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) to the loss of blood flow to the optic nerve (which is the cable that connects the eye to the brain). This condition typically causes sudden vision loss in one eye, without any pain.

    Moreover, a research study, Ocular Side Effects of Sildenafil That Persist Beyond 24 h—A Case Series, found that participants studied after using Viagra without prescription had issues with their sights which persisted for more than 24 hours.   

    “17 healthy men were monitored after they took sildenafil (Viagra) for the first time without prescriptions. And within 48 hours of taking the drug, diagnostic tests indicated that out of the 17 patients, nine had photophobia, 13 had disrupted color perception, nine had impaired visual acuity, three had deficiencies in stereopsis, six had disrupted contrast sensitivity, and eight had abnormally dilated pupils all about their sight.”

    Another scientific research by Dr. Cüneyt Karaarslan, an Eye Disease Specialist, concludes that although frequent sex cannot lead to loss of sight, the constant use of high doses of sildenafil under the brand name viagra, a medication used to treat erectile dysfunction, can lead to loss of sight. 

    Conclusion 

    There is no scientific evidence that frequent sex can lead to blindness. However, an Optometrist from the Permeff Eye Care, Emefa Titiati, says excessive use of drugs like Viagra during sex can lead to blindness. 

    This report was produced under the Dubawa Student Fact-checking Project aimed at offering students in tertiary schools aspiring to take up roles in the profession the opportunity to acquire real-world experience through verification and fact-checking. 

  • Claim that uncompleted hotel is owned by Jean Mensah, Electoral Commission Chairperson, false

    Claim: Facebook user suggests an image of a huge uncompleted hotel is in Ghana Accra free zones and belongs to Jean Mensah, the EC Chairperson.

    Findings show the image is a government owned yet-to-be completed hotel in Montenegro, not in Ghana.

    Full Text

    A Facebook user by name Marfo Passco shared an image of an uncompleted building and claimed the said building is an uncompleted hotel belonging to the Electoral Commission Chairperson, Jean Mensah.

    The post is captioned,

    “After rigging the election in favour of Nana Addo, take a look at what she is building with poor taxpayers money given to her by Nana Addo.”

    In the post, Marfo Passco also asked, 

    “Where did Jean Mensah get the money to build this huge hotel in Ghana Accra free Zones? We are demanding the source of money used in financing the uncompleted hotel. This is the property of the Electoral Commissioner…” 

    Image: screenshot of the post

    This post has attracted reactions, particularly on the Facebook group by name Friends of Sammy Gyamfi.

    Verification 

    Dubawa conducted an image reverse search and found out that the picture has been uploaded on alamy website,  www.alamy.com, an online diverse photo stock collection  and captioned “facade of unfinished and abandoned huge hotel in Montenegro” on 2nd October, 2019.

    Image: screenshot of the picture posted by Alamy

    Another search conducted on Google Earth revealed that the building is the Hotel AS and is located in the Adriatic Coast in the area of Perazic Do, near the Spa town of Petrovac (Montenegro).

    Image: screenshot of the image from Google Earth

    Moreover, an article titled “The Abandoned Hotel AS in Montenegro resembles the Titanic”  published by waytomonye.com  on 25th March 2018, confirms the existence of the building in Montenegro. 

    The article  further stated that the hotel belongs to the government of Montenegro, formerly known as Yugoslavia but was sold on contract to a Serbian-Russian investor, Nega Tours, for the construction of the Hotel  in 2002. However, the investor failed to fulfill the contract agreement and had the sale of the Hotel terminated by the Government in January 2016.

    According to the report, the Country’s Attorney filed a criminal case against six people including the owner of Nega Tours, its deputies and others on suspicion that they provided the government of Montenegro false guarantees of 3 million Euros. 

    The Montenegro Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism through the Director of the Directorate for Tourism Development and Standards, Olivere Brajovic, mentioned in a statement dated 10th March, 2016 the filing of criminal charges against six persons in connection with the construction of Hotel AS.

    In the course of fact checking this claim, Dubawa made attempts to reach the  EC chairperson for her response but that has not been successful. This report will therefore be updated if her response is provided.  

    Conclusion

    The circulated image of the huge uncompleted hotel stated to be in Accra free Zones of Ghana and belonging to Jean Mensah, the Electoral Commissioner, is false.

  • Did Yaw Maafo declare support for Alan Kyerematen to lead NPP into 2024 polls?

    Claim: Social media users are quoting Yaw Osafo-Maafo, who is a leading member of the New Patriotic Party, as declaring support for Alan Kyerematen, the current Trade Minister, to lead the party into the 2024 polls.

    Mr. Osafo-Maafo has denied making such a statement. 

    Full Text

    A post being widely shared on various social media platforms including WhatsApp, Facebook and Twitter says that Mr. Yaw Osafo-Maafo has declared support for Trade Minister, Alan Kyerematen, to lead the New Patriotic Party into the 2024 elections.

    The quote, being attributed to Mr. Osafo-Maafo, noted that the New Patriotic Party is mainly supported by members of the Akan speaking community, hence the need for Alan Kyerematen to lead the party.

    A screenshot of the quote allegedly made by Mr. Osaafo-Maafo 

    Verification

    A search on Facebook using a portion of the quote does not lead to any written text by any user of the platform even though the circulating photo suggests that it has been posted on the social media platform.

    The results that come up on Facebook are only photos that capture the quote.

    Screenshot of the results that come up after searching for portions of the quote (Facebook)

    On Twitter, however, the quote has been typed and a photo of Mr. Osafo-Maafo, the same as used in the Facebook post, is attached.

    Interestingly, the posts found on Twitter and the ones that were posted on Facebook in photo format all committed the same punctuation and capitalization errors – raising a red flag.

    Some of the twitter posts can be found here, here, and here.

    Furthermore, these users have failed to indicate the source of the post, therefore, questioning its credibility.

    Also, no leading news portal in the country has published a story featuring Mr. Osafo-Maafo on the said matter.

    Mr. Osaafo-Maafo is a high-profile member of the New Patriotic Party and currently the Special Advisor to President Akufo-Addo.

    It raises questions that a person of such calibre will make a statement and it will be missed by leading news agencies in the country.

    Meanwhile, the Office of the Senior Presidential Advisor has issued a public statement denying the claim

    “With reference to the said circulation, we emphasise that Hon. Yaw Osafo-Maafo has never uttered such “irresponsible, misguided, tribalistic and ethnocentric” statements either in public or private directly or indirectly and has no cause to do so,” part of the disclaimer reads.

    Conclusion

    It is not true that Hon. Yaw Osafo-Maafo has declared support for Alan Kyerematen. The viral social media posts suggesting that he had done so are without an identifiable source, raising concerns about its credibility. 

    Moreover, Hon. Yaw Osafo-Maafo has denied the claims.

  • Viral image purported to be Pokuase overhead false

    Claim: A Facebook user claim an image of a raised canal built across roads intersection with waterway is Ghana’s Pokuase overhead 

    Findings show it is Belgium sart canal bridge and not pokuase overhead. 

    Full Text

    A Facebook user shared an image of a raised canal built across roads  intersection surrounded by green fields with a waterway and claimed it is that of the pokuase overhead in Accra, Ghana.

    The photo captioned ” Accra POKUASE overhead is one of most beautiful place in Africa, God bless Ghana leaders”

    Image: Screenshot  of the post

    This post which was published on the 29th September, 2021  has been shared  on both facebook and WhatsApp and has generated a lot of comments and  debate.

    Image: Screenshot of the post shared on whatsapp
    Image: Screenshot of some comments on Facebook

    Verification

    Dubawa conducted a google image reverse search and found out that the  photo was uploaded as a video (0.24 seconds) on YouTube by one Rizwan Hussain  on 13th March, 2017 and captioned  “pont- canal du star, Belgium.” 

    Another search conducted on Google earth revealed that the purported picture is the Sart Canal Bridge in Belgium at La Louviere 

    Image: Screenshot of the Sart Canal Bridge on Google Earth

    Further checks revealed that this same picture of the Sart Canal Bridge in Belgium was posted by a Facebook user on May 24, 2021 and claimed to be an Aerial photo of Kafubu River in Zambia and was fact checked by AFP Fact Check to be that of the Belgium Sart Canal Bridge.

    The bridge is said to have been started in October 1998 with the first stage launched in February 2000 and full work completed in 2002 and cost €29m according to greisch.com, Europe engineering and architectural website. 

    According to Bureau Greisch, one of Europe’s Engineering firms, the bridge is 498m long and 46m wide. It carries the Canal du centre over the Theuriau du sart valley  at Houdeng – Aimeries and over a major road intersection ( N55 and N535) at the entrance to La Loviere. 

    Pokuase Interchange 

    The pokuase interchange is the first four-tier interchange in Ghana. Its  first phase was commissioned in November 2020 by President Akufo Addo.

    Pictures of the Pokuase interchange is seen below:

    Conclusion

    The viral image shared on both Facebook and WhatsApp and claimed to be Pokuase overhead is false. 

  • The FactChecker Ghana

    Over 600,000 global breast cancer deaths recorded in 2020 while diagnosed cases trump 2 million

    By Roselena Ahiable  

    Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer and the leading cause of death in women globally. It is a disease that results from overgrown cells in the breast. The disease occurs in both men and women; however, women are at a higher risk of getting breast cancer in comparison to men. 

    Cancer of the breast can start in different areas of the breast like the lobules, the ducts, and in some instances the tissue in between. There are two main types of breast cancer namely invasive (Ductal Carcinoma in situ and Lobular carcinoma in situ) and non-invasive (Invasive ductal carcinoma, invasive lobular carcinoma, Paget’s disease of the nipple, Inflammatory breast cancer, Phyllodes tumors of the breast, Locally advanced breast cancer, metastatic breast cancer).

    The subtypes of breast cancer are hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, HER2 positive breast cancer and triple-negative breast cancer.

    Global outlook

    A report by the World Health Organisation (WHO) released on March 26, 2021,  indicates that in the year 2020, 2.3 million women were diagnosed with breast cancer and 685,000 deaths were recorded globally. 

    At the end of that same year, a total of 7.8 million women had been diagnosed with breast cancer in the past five (5) years.

    Records for incidence of breast cancer in men, on the other hand, is about 0.5-1% according to the WHO.

    Africa

    In Africa, breast cancer is the most diagnosed form of cancer in African women, representing the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in sub-Saharan Africa. 

    In Nigeria, 22.7% of new breast cancer cases were recorded across all sexes and ages in 2020. 

    Breast cancer accounted for 18.7% of new cancer cases in both men and women in Ghana for the year 2020. 

    Liberia also recorded 528 new cases from both sexes, accounting for 14.9% of new cancer cases. 

    In the Gambia and Sierra Leone, 8.1% and 20.9% breast cancer cases were recorded among all new cancer cases in 2020, respectively.

    Click here to continue reading 

    Recent Fact-checks 

    A TikTok video showing a man cutting into a coconut with a resulting flow of blood from it has gone viral on social media. In the video, the man was heard saying “I plucked one coconut on the tree, I peeled it and what I saw in the coconut, the content in the coconut was amazing, surprising. I cut and what I was is blood!!!. Yes, blood. Real blood”. However, he admitted it was fake when Dubawa contacted him. He often makes such videos on TikTok to showcase his creativity, even though his videos do not state that intent.   

    A viral WhatsApp message claims there has been a change in WhatsApp’s group privacy settings after the external system breakdown. Dubawa contacted the WhatsApp Support Team and was informed that indeed, anyone can be added to a group if the option “Everyone” is selected instead of “My Contacts,” with the latter ensuring that the individual is added only to groups created by people in their personal contact list only. However, this is not a new setting as it was available prior to the global WhatsApp outage. WhatsApp has not made any new changes or updates to the already existing group privacy settings. All users are free to change the group settings to their preferred choice.

    More Fact-Checks and Explainers 

    1. Drinking coffee with lemon will not cause melting of body fat
    2. False. This is not a video of a camel spitting out its tongue to cool it down
    3. ’1teacher, 1 laptop claims and counterclaims: Here is what you need to know
    4. Call for volunteers

    Tip of The Week

    Share our fact checks and help people access quality information.

    Get In Touch

    For feedback, suggestions, and claims you want fact-checked, feel free to contact us: 

    Website: ghana.dubawa.org

    Twitter: @dubawaGH

    Facebook: Dubawa

    Whatsapp: +233 542 818 189

  • Viral video showing a ‘mysterious’ coconut with blood in it, fictional. It is not real blood

    Claim: Coconut tree in Teshie has borne fruit with blood in it – Tiktok User.

    The video creator, Emmanuel Afful, told Dubawa that it is not real blood and that it was a display of his artistic and creative skills for the social media app. He, however, does not tag his videos as such.

    Full Text

    A video showing a man cutting into a coconut with a resulting flow of blood from it has gone viral on social media. 

    The TikTok User, @flybebe1981, stated in text in the video,

    “#mysterious coconut tree discovered in Ghana greater Accra teshie…”

    Image: Screenshot of video

    In the video, he says,

    “Amazing coconut tree in the world. I spotted this tree in Ghana, Greater Accra. Teshie to be precise. I plucked one coconut on the tree, I peeled it and what I saw in the coconut, the content in the coconut was amazing, surprising. I cut and what I was is blood!!!. Yes, blood. Real blood. It was surprising. It was amazing. I have never seen such a thing in my life before. This is amazing.”

    The video has been watched 272.6k times and gathered over 9000 likes and has been shared over 2000 times. It has also been seen being circulated on WhatsApp and on YouTube

    Image of YouTube posts

    Verification

    Dubawa called the number indicated in the video and spoke to Emmanuel Afful, creator of the video. 

    “It is not real. I created it. Which one? Is it the egg one or the coconut one? Seriously, it is not real, I created it. If I give you the details, you will be tempted to do that…I can give you how I did the blood but apart from that, the details of how I managed to put in the blood, I can’t. You know normally if you want to create blood, to be real, use egg, this our normal egg, and food colour. If you mix them together, you will get the thickness of blood. And the colour, you have to mix the colour well to look like the colour, but how I manage to put it in, no. I won’t tell you. It’s dangerous,” Afful told us.

    He suggested that as part of his act on Tik Tok, he creates such content. 

    However, he does not tag his contents as fictional.

    Another one of his other videos that has been watched 215.2k times and shows what he claims to be a “tree yielding egg.”

    The tree he claims bears eggs as fruits, complete with seeds in the egg.

    Image: Screenshot of video

    A look at his TikTok page shows more of such incredible content.

    One of his more recent videos shows him crack a blue egg that contains some bloody mush. In this particular video, however, he cautions viewers with a text, written in red at the right corner of the video, that

    “Viewers discretion. This video is not real but rather creative.” 

    Conclusion

    The bloody coconut video is fake, as is most of the content created by TikTok user Flybebe1981. It is mainly for showing off his creativity.

  • Call For Volunteers

    DUBAWA WEEK  FOR TRUTH (NOVEMBER 2021)

    Are you passionate about making an impact? Do you want to help in the personal development of young adults in the various Senior High and Tertiary schools in the country? 

    If yes, then we need you. This is your chance to leave a mark.

    Dubawa, a fact-checking and verification project of the Premium Times Centre for Investigative Journalism (PTCIJ), is looking for volunteers to join a nationwide outreach to educate students/youth corp members on media and information literacy, basic fact-checking and critical thinking skills!

    Eligibility and Expectation

    Volunteers must

    • Be resident in Ghana, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Liberia and The Gambia
    • Be willing to undergo an online training if selected
    • Be willing to visit a senior high school (preferably their alma mater) or a tertiary institution in their resident country to sensitize and educate students on media and information literacy and fact-checking as a means of combating fake news. 
    • Will be available for the ‘‘week for truth’’ in the second week of November.
    • Must understand the use of social media.
    • Must have good communication skills.

    Click on this form to sign up.

    Registration will end at midnight on 17th of October 2021. 

    Selected volunteers will be notified and trained.

  • WhatsApp has not made changes to its group privacy settings following #WhatsAppDown

    Claim: Viral post on WhatsApp claims that there has been some changes in the platform’s group privacy settings which allow users to be added to any group even by someone who is not in their contact lists. 

    Verdict: Partly False. This is not new and can only be possible if the user has allowed this by selecting “Everyone” in their privacy group settings. 

    Full Text

    A viral WhatsApp message claims there has been a change in WhatsApp’s group privacy settings after the external system breakdown. 

    Verification

    A WhatsApp user can be added to any group if they have set their group settings to “Everyone.” 

    However, they cannot be added to a group by persons who are not on the user’s contact list if it is set to “My Contacts.”

    In these settings, users have been given a chance to operate in their own space. 

    Dubawa contacted the WhatsApp Support Team and was informed that indeed, anyone can be added to a group if the option “Everyone” is selected instead of “My Contacts,” with the latter ensuring that the individual is added only to groups created by people in their personal contact list only.

    Image: Email response from WhatsApp.

    We tested this and found it to be true. 

    When the group setting was turned on to “Contacts,” another WhatsApp user cannot automatically add you to a group but would rather have to invite you to join a group. 

    This setting, however, has not been changed. It is not newly updated as it has been so for a long time. Users have always had the option of changing their group settings to what is preferred by them. 

    Conclusion

    WhatsApp has not made any changes or updates to the already existing group privacy settings. All users are free to change the group settings to their preferred choice.

  • Over 600,000 global breast cancer deaths recorded in 2020; while diagnosed cases trump 2 million

    Breast cancer is the most prevalent cancer and leading cause of death in women globally.

    Source: GLOBOCAN 2020

    It is a disease that results from cells in the breast that grows out of control. The disease occurs in both men and women; however, females are at a higher risk of getting breast cancer in comparison to men. Cancer of the breast can start in different areas of the breast like the lobules, the ducts, and in some instances the tissue in between. There are different types of breast cancer

    • invasive(Ductal Carcinoma in situ and Lobular carcinoma in situ) and
    •  non-invasive(Invasive ductal carcinoma, invasive lobular carcinoma, Paget’s disease of the nipple, Inflammatory breast cancer, Phyllodes tumors of the breast, Locally advanced breast cancer, metastatic breast cancer.)

    The subtypes of breast cancer are:

    • Hormone receptor-positive breast cancer
    • HER2 positive breast cancer
    • Triple-negative breast cancer

    Global outlook

    A recent report by the World Health Organisation (WHO) released on March 26, 2021,  indicates that in the year 2020, 2.3 million women were diagnosed with breast cancer and 685,000 deaths were recorded globally. 

    At the end of that same year, a total of 7.8 million women had been diagnosed with breast cancer in the past five (5) years.

    Records for incidence of breast cancer in men, on the other hand, is about 0.5-1% according to the WHO.

    Source: GLOBOCAN

    Africa

    In Africa, breast cancer is the most diagnosed form of cancer in African females, representing the second leading cause of cancer related deaths in sub-Saharan Africa. 

    In Nigeria, 22.7% of new breast cancer cases were recorded across all sexes and ages in 2020. 

    Breast cancer accounted for 18.7% of new cancer cases in both men and women in Ghana for the year 2020. 

    Liberia also recorded 528 new cases from both sexes, accounting for 14.9% of new cancer cases. 

    In the Gambia and Sierra Leone, 8.1% and 20.9%  breast cancer cases were recorded among all new cancer cases in 2020 respectively.

    Source: GLOBOCAN

    The fight against cancer 

    As a lack of awareness and late diagnosis have been highlighted as major concerns in dealing with the disease, public education is one of the key measures taken in the fight against breast cancer. For that reason, focus on improving awareness among men and women on signs and symptoms of breast cancer, highlighting the importance of early detection and treatment has been forefront in many initiatives targeted at fighting the disease. 

    The WHO Global Breast Cancer Initiative (GBCI) was set up to reduce global breast cancer mortality by 2.5% yearly, thereby averting a potential 2.5 million breast cancer deaths globally between 2020 and 2040.

    The WHO has identified and broken this move into three main directions to help with this:

    • Health promotion for early detection
    • Timely diagnosis
    • Comprehensive breast cancer management

    The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) also through various programs provides quality breast screening and diagnostics services to various categories of people. 

    Across the world over, many projects and initiatives have been instituted to help push the agenda to reduce breast cancer related mortality. One of these is the Breast Cancer Awareness Month.

    Breast Cancer Awareness Month is an annual campaign held in the month of October to raise awareness about the impact of breast cancer.

    The annual month-long celebration is aimed at changing the way the disease is seen and addressed as support is harnessed across the world to encourage people to regularly check their breasts, to support those fighting the disease, to cheer on those who have survived it, and to remember those who lost the battle to it.

  • Drinking coffee with lemon will not cause melting of body fat

    Claim: Viral TikTok trend suggests that drinking coffee mixed with lemon will lead to loss of belly fat in as little as five days.

    The ingredients, coffee, lemon, and hot water are known to be linked to weight loss. However, taking them together is not a “special brew” nor does the brew have any extra potent effect that causes loss of excessive fat. 

    Full Text

    Zamansbusykitchen on TikTok shared a “TOP SECRET DRINK FOR FLAT TUMMY” which has gathered 245.7K likes and 25.1K shares. The post suggests that mixing half a tablespoon of coffee and half a lemon with a glass of hot water is highly effective for losing tummy fat.

    The platform’s users have had a mix of responses to the trend with many claiming the efficacy of the mix. C_24yc stated that a total of 5lbs was lost in four days because of  the brew while uaesarah2017 claimed she lost 2kg in a week.

    Some have been indifferent to the “TOP SECRET” drink, stating that it does not work and shows no loss of weight in the five days claimed to be effective by other people. 

    Others like Kendalllamber also questioned if the brew is healthy for the body.

    “Does it work and is it healthy or bad for our body or not?,” they asked.

    Verification

    Dubawa spoke to Ernestina Eduful (RDN), lead Dietician at  NutriDi Wellness, who said that the beverage alone is not enough to cause weight loss. 

    “If they take this and still go on ahead to eat the way they already eat and are inactive, they will still put on weight. It will only work if perhaps they replace a higher calorie beverage they would regularly take with this. It can’t stand on its own unless you are doing all the other things like eating a healthy diet, more vegetables, low or no sugar, low oil intake, and keeping active,” she said.

    She also noted that although lemon can boost metabolism and curb appetite while coffee can give that kick that can keep people going for extended periods of time without eating, those alone will not be sufficient for proper weight loss or fat burning.

    Coffee and weight loss

    Black coffee in itself is a low-calorie beverage that contributes to the boosting of metabolism. Metabolism is explained by the Insider as the process by which the body breaks down nutrients and makes use of the calories derived from food. Coffee is known to increase the rate at which the body burns calories in a state of rest  [the basal metabolic rate (BMR)].

    This is supported by findings by Cornelis et al (2018) in their study titled Metabolomic response to coffee consumption: application to  three-stage clinical trial. Their study found that over a course of two months, participants who drank various quantities of coffee had developed higher levels of metabolites. This is what in turn results in faster metabolism in black coffee drinkers and consequently in the burning of more calories during the performance of physical activities or even during rest. This may then lead to weight loss.

    Kim et al (2010), in their study Effects of caffeine on the metabolic response of lipolysis and activated sweat gland density in human during physical activity, also found that coffee can stimulate the nervous system and cause a directive to be sent to the fat cells to “break down fat”.

    Coffee is also known for its appetite suppression qualities which leads to less food consumption and the creation of antioxidants which are useful in destroying free radicals (known for amassing fat); both of which may also result in weight loss.

    Lemon and weight loss

    Tejpal, Bastie and Klein Seetharaman’s (2018)  Lemon Juice: A potential source of Angiotensin Converting Enzyme antagonism for weight loss and insulin resistance, found that lemon juice is a potential source of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) antagonism which is effective for weight loss. This means that lemon juice can produce ACE which prevents an enzyme in the body from creating angiotensin II which causes a narrowing of the blood vessels.

    Hot/warm water and weight loss

    Although studies on how hot water may result or contribute to weight loss is quite scant, studies on ample water consumption and its contributions to weight loss exist. 

    A study by Stooky et al (2008), Drinking water is associated with weight loss in overweight dieting women independent of diet and activity suggests that increased consumption of water is associated with significant body weight and fat loss over time.

    Other benefits with increased water intake is the feeling of fullness, boosting of metabolism, and burning more calories, amongst others. 

    It is also important to note while the individual components in drinks are indicatively helpful in burning fat, fat loss or weight loss, when a caloric deficit, that is, the burning of more calories than is consumed daily is not established, no fat or weight loss may be achieved. 

    Conclusion

    Even though coffee, lemon and water, the three main ingredients in the claim, have properties that contribute to weight loss, using them together, as a set, does not particularly have any extra or special ability in belly fat loss. Additionally, maintaining an unhealthy lifestyle while drinking this brew will not result in the suggested results. 

Back to top button