Social media users suggest that a new educational reform has been rolled out by the Ghana Education Service (GES) which includes some changes in the state of the Basic Education system and other aspects of the system as is being run currently in the country. An image, which contains the claims, has been in circulation on social media applications like Twitter and has generated some conversation on the medium with some users indicating excitement at the change and others being indifferent and skeptical about the implementation processes to be involved.
Dubawa set out to find out what truths exist or otherwise in the image and posts being circulated.
Claim 1: Basic schools in Ghana now include JHS and SHS 1.
True. However, the basic school system does not end at SHS 1 but rather at SHS 3.
Verification: According to the National Council for Curriculum and Assessment (NaCCA), basic education has been redefined as a concept to include Senior High School as opposed to just Kindergarten to Junior High School 3 as had previously existed. The system has further been divided into five key phases:
Key Phase 1: Foundation level which comprises Kindergarten 1 and 2
Key Phase 2: Lower Primary level which comprises basic/class 1 to 3
Key Phase 3: Upper Primary level which comprises basic/class 4 to 5
Key Phase 4: Junior High School level 1 to 3
Key Phase 5: Senior High School level 1 to 3
Claim 2: SHS 2 and 3 will pick a career related course and will graduate with a Diploma instead of certificate.
False. Decisions have not been taken on the type of examinations that will be written at the end of the Senior High School Year yet.
Verification: According to Mr John Mensah Anang, acting Director General of NaCCA, there are two pathways from which students will choose– career pathway and academic pathway. The academic pathway encompasses the sciences and the humanities while the career pathway will be the vocational and the technical courses.
“The type of exams they will write, the decision has not been taken so there is nothing like Diploma or certificate. That thing was somebody’s suggestion when we were meeting stakeholders. A series of suggestions have been made but we are not yet there because the students who will write or enter into those places are currently in JHS 1 so it will take four years before they will get there. By that time, we might have discussed thoroughly and convincingly and as a nation, come out with what type of exams they should write at the ending point of Senior High. So as at now, no decision has been made,” Mr. Anang said.
This was also confirmed by Cassandra Twum Ampofo, Public Relations Officer at the Ghana Education Service, who stated that after being taken through the Common Core Programme from JHS to SHS 1, students will be allowed to choose their electives which will be specific and help chart their career paths.
Claim 3: JHS 1 to SHS will write Common Core Programme (CCP).
False. The CCP is a four year programme designed to lead students to choose a pathway in their second year in Senior high school. It is not some form of exam to be written.
Verification: From JHS 1 to SHS1, GES is rolling out a course called Common Core Programme (CCP).
“This just means that the subjects that are done in JHS 1 will be done till SHS 1 and this is what is supposed to predispose the learner into the two pathways– the career pathway and the academic pathway. So it is a four year program,” Mr. Anang, Acting Director General of the NaCCA clarified.
The CCP will comprise nine subjects —Mathematics, Languages, Science, Religious and Moral Education, Physical and Health Education, Career Technology, Social Studies, Computing, Creative Arts and Design.6.
The press release above, issued by the Acting Director General of NaCCA, John Mensah Anang, provides more detail on the Core Curriculum Programme.
See also, National Pre-tertiary Education Curriculum Framework for developing subject curricula for more information.
Claim 4: Primary 2, 4, 6 and JHS 2 will write NSAT.
True. However, SHS 2 was left out of the stages that the NSAT will be written.
Verification: The National Standard Assessment Test( NSAT) will be written in Primary 2, 4, 6, JHS 2 and SHS 2, according to Mr. Anang.
“This is supposed to be conducted by NaCCA at all these levels to assess the quality of teaching and the quality of learning that has gone on. Then the interventions that will be needed where the gaps that are identified will be instituted at the next level to help the child,” he added.
By testing the students at all these levels, there is an expectation that shortcomings will be identified and also the progress and achievement of each learner can and will be tracked in order to know which interventions to put in place to help the child adjust.
According to the PRO of GES, Cassandra Twum Ampofo, the implementation started in September 2019 where the Service announced that there would be a national assessment to ascertain the core competence that learners have acquired.
Claim 5: WASSCE will be replaced by University Entrance Exams.
False. WASSCE will not be replaced by the University Entrance Examination.
Verification: According to Mr. Anang, this was someone’s suggestion during the Covid-19 period when SHS 3 students were unable to go to school and write their exams. The suggestion was however rejected for various reasons of which he mentioned two.
First, Mr. Anang stated that doing so would rob people who cannot further their education of certificates which they could use to apply for jobs that may accept Senior High School Certificates for employment.
Secondly, he stated that the Universities cannot take on all SHS leavers.
“This is a figment of someone’s imagination. It is not true”, Mr Anang stated.
About Ghana Education Service
The Ghana Education Service (GES) was established, as part of the Public Service of Ghana, in 1974. The GES is tasked with the duty to create an enabling environment in all educational institutions and also manage the positions that facilitate effective teaching, learning and efficiency in the management for the attainment of the service’s goals. The GES also has the responsibility of ensuring that all Ghanaian children of school-going age are provided with inclusive and equitable quality formal education and training through effective and efficient management of resources.
The GES is also responsible for the implementation of approved national pre-tertiary educational policies and programs to ensure that all Ghanaian children of school-going age are provided with inclusive, equitable and quality formal education.
There are four (4) main programmes under the GES:
- Pre-tertiary education management including Headquarters Divisions, Regional and District directorates
- Basic Education, comprising Kindergarten, Primary and Junior High Schools
- Secondary Education comprising Senior high School (SHS) and Technical and Vocational Education Training (TVET)
- Special and Inclusive Education
About the National Council for Curriculum and Assessment(NaCCA)
The NaCCA was established as an Advisory Board to the Curriculum Research and Development Division of the Ghana Education Service. The goal was to manage and implement the Curriculum Policy of the Ministry of Education towards the attainment of educational objectives and educational goals in Ghana. NaCCA had its first set of council members inaugurated in 2011. It is presently governed by a 21-member Governing Council which is made up of representatives from different institutions.
The claims being circulated about a new educational reform in Ghana constitute a mix of half-baked truths and untruths.